Reduce Clutter, Reduce Stress

Laura Mitchell's picture
By Laura Mitchell on March 19, 2019

Has the Kondo effect affected you?

If you are taking spring cleaning more seriously this year, you’re not just in sync with a popular decluttering trend, you’re in sync with science.

A recent study found that an excess of clutter in the home is linked to both procrastination and overall life dissatisfaction. This supports earlier studies that linked clutter to higher levels of the stress hormone cortisol.

That is not surprising, since the average American spends nearly an hour each day looking for lost or misplaced items.
 

manila file folders labeled with household paperwork categories
Tackle piles of papers by organizing them in folders or, better yet, scanning them in to store electronically.

Anita Kablinger, M.D., of Carilion Clinic’s Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine agrees.

“Clutter impacts productivity at home and at work,” she says. “Disorganized spaces increase anxiety and confusion, and anxiety has negative impacts on your physical health as well—blood pressure, sleep quality, even sugar control.”

She recommends thinking of visual clutter as you would auditory clutter.

“Too many stimuli around diminishes your ability to hear any one specific message,” she said. “The same is true for physical clutter around you.”

The average American spends nearly an hour each day looking for lost or misplaced items.

Focus and Prepare
However, even if you are surrounded by an abundance of things, Dr. Kablinger says you can avoid falling into the clutter-stress trap through focus, meditation, mindfulness, exercise and preparing for daily goals.
 
“These small time commitments to redirect yourself pay off big in the rewards you achieve,” she said.
 
Dr. Kablinger uses “the 10/30 rule: 10 minutes each night to look at what I need to do the next day so I don’t get up and get ‘surprised’ by an event scheduled, and 30 minutes on Sunday to look at my week.”

She emphasizes the importance of scheduling these small spurts of time at your most productive time of day.
 
“Don’t tell yourself you will do it before bed,” she said. “It never works for me!”
 
Plan Ahead
There are as many approaches to decluttering as there are storage units you can rent, so it can seem overwhelming. To keep your attempt to reduce clutter from adding to your stress, try the following: 

African-American couple smiling at each other while donating full cardboard box
When you donate items you don't really need, it feels good to know you're helping someone else.
  • Keep the goal of a fresh, bright home in mind so cleaning up doesn’t feel like a chore
  • Enlist a friend to help you stay on track
  • Plan ahead to avoid what Dr. Kablinger calls the “mental blockade of doing something I need to do rather than want to do”
  • Start small and address one room or task at a time—winter clothes, then paperwork; bedroom, then car
  • Work in short time periods—Dr. Kablinger likes to play songs by Madonna—and work on a specific area just until the song ends
  • Donate the items that you don’t need—or host a yard sale! 

Gently used clothing, coats and shoes are always needed, and knowing you are helping someone else can help you feel good about decluttering.

Improve Your Home's Safety
If that’s not enough motivation to clean out your closets, cabinets and junk drawers, be aware that clutter is unsafe for: 

And Dr. Kablinger points out that personal clutter and disorganization is learned by your children and can be passed on, affecting their productivity and increasing their stress as well.

Clutter includes old prescriptions, over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements. 

So open the windows and let some sunshine and fresh air replace the piles of unread books and unworn clothes in your home. And follow these tips from Carilion Clinic's Pharmacy director to ensure your medicine cabinet and refrigerator benefit from the spring-cleaning treatment too.

Don’t Re-Clutter!
Once your space is clean and clutter-free, you may be tempted to fill it back up again. Dr. Kablinger offers an alternative: Schedule your window-shopping time rather than going out on a whim, and leave your credit cards at home.
 
And when you’re tempted to buy things for others, remember that the satisfaction is fleeting.
 
“Buying a physical item for someone is not as satisfying as ‘buying time’ with them,” says Dr. Kablinger. “It does not even need to cost money! I’m known for sharing information—forwarding an email of an event coming up, a concert in the park, a speaker at the medical school or a pancake breakfast fundraiser.”
 
Spending time with friends and family can not only save you money, it can also improve your health.

If you face challenges with clutter, stress or spending, reach out to your primary care provider for help.
 
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In addition to her work in Carilion Clinic’s Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Dr. Kablinger is a professor and Clinical Trials Research Director at the Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine.